#TGOI (The Grounds Of Introspection, March 26, 2017):
Do we often misunderstand ourselves? Can we be aware of everything? Is introspective knowledge reliable? Can we be mistaken about being hungry? Might the gap between successive thoughts be increased until there is complete thoughtlessness; can this be measured? Is introspection voluntary or involuntary? Is awareness a general relational state (& not a ‘happening’)? How does global consciousness emerge in the ensemble state of neurons? Do animals develop conceptual self understanding? Why do we have the introspective faculty? Do introverts and extroverts introspect differently? Is introspection culture-bound? Do you feel your body during silent speech? Is inner speech unstructured or does it have linguistic features such as pronunciation and syntax? Can introspection sometimes get to concepts parallel to those reached via scientific empiricism? Does awareness necessarily involve directed representations of reality? Does introspection need distance? What is the structure of inner awareness? Would there be more accurate ways to understand which types of introspection are more reliable? Is the future of understanding introspection very bright? SynTalk thinks about these & more questions using concepts from philosophy (Prof. Christopher Hill, Brown University, Providence), linguistics (Prof. Pramod Pandey, JNU, New Delhi), & physics (Prof. Sisir Roy, NIAS, IISc, Bangalore).
SynTalk is pleased and privileged to have hosted the following SynTalkrs (in alphabetical order) on its #TGOI show.
Prof. Christopher Hill (philosophy) is the William Herbert Perry Faunce Professor of Philosophy at Brown University, USA. Before Brown, he taught at the University of Pittsburgh, Case Western Reserve University, and the University of Arkansas. He has also held visiting positions at the University of Michigan and MIT. He received a Ph.D. from Harvard University (1972), and an M.A. (1966) & B.A. (1964) from Michigan State University. His areas of interest and specialization include philosophy of language, philosophy of mind, metaphysics, logic, philosophy of cognitive science, and epistemology. His current work focuses on concepts, consciousness, and perception. He has edited several books and written four, namely: ‘Sensations’ (which argues that the various forms of sentience are strictly identical with certain types of brain processes), ‘Thought and World’ (which advocates a ‘deflationary’ treatment of semantic concepts like truth and reference), ‘Consciousness’ (which maintains that the traditional mind-body problem can be dissolved by developing the view that conscious experiences are representational states), and ‘Meaning, Mind, and Knowledge’ (which collects his essays on a range of topics, including perception, skepticism, and a priori knowledge). Prof. Hill is the past Editor of Philosophical Topics and is currently an Associate Editor of ‘Nous’. He has co-edited two free-standing volumes: ‘New Perspectives on Type Identity’ (Cambridge University Press, 2012) with Simone Gozzano, and ‘Sensory Integration and the Unity of Consciousness’ (MIT Press, 2014) with David Bennett. He has been a Fellow at the National Humanities Center and has held a variety of fellowships from the NEH.
Prof. Pramod Pandey (linguistics) is Professor & ex-Chair, Centre for Linguistics, School of Language, Literature and Culture Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU), New Delhi. Before joining JNU, he has taught at the M. S. University of Baroda, at Ibb, Sana’a University (Sana’a, Republic of Yemen), South Gujarat University, & University of Jabalpur. He received his Ph.D. (1985), M.A. (Linguistics, 1977), M.A. (English, 1975), and B.A. (Hons) from Poona University, Pune. His research interests include speech, writing systems and communication, phonetics and phonology, morphology, linguistic theory, English language teaching, and research methodology. He has been invited as Visiting Professor at various institutions including, CNRS Paris, and the University of Frankfurt. Prof. Pandey is a a member of multiple professional bodies and advisory committees of the Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India. He is also the subject coordinator for the UGC Inflibnet e-PG Pathshala programme in Linguistics. He has published multiple articles in international journals such as Lingua, Journal of Linguistics, Studies in Language, & Written Language and Literacy. His recent publication is a two-volume book entitled, ‘Sounds and Their Patterns in Indic Languages’ (2014). He has been awarded several international fellowships including the 1987 Linguistic Institute Fellowship at Stanford University, the Nuffield Foundation Fellowship at the University of York, the Rockefeller Foundation Bellagio Residency Fellowship, & the Guest Scientist position at Department of Linguistics, Max-Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig.
Prof. Sisir Roy (physics, consciousness studies) is a scientist who worked as Professor in the Physics and Applied Mathematics Unit (PAMU), Indian Statistical Institute (ISI), Kolkata since 1980, and is currently the Visiting T.V. Raman Chair Professor at National Institute of Advanced Studies (NIAS), IISc, Bangalore. His fields of research include the foundations of quantum theory, Wolf effect, theoretical astrophysics and cosmology, cosmological red shift, & Planck scale physics. He has also worked in the areas of quantum probability and decision making, Bayesian approach to statistical data analysis, pre-geometry and dynamic geometry. He is also interested in studying information processing and role of noise in the brain, modeling brain functions and higher order cognitive activities,. In the last several years, Prof. Roy has also worked in philosophical areas such as consciousness, mind/body problem, internal representation, and foundations of ethics in the cosmic order. Prof. Roy has worked in many universities in USA and Europe as a visiting faculty. He has worked with, among others, Prof. Jena Pierre Vigier (Institut Henri Poincare, Paris), Prof. Ralph Abraham (University of California), and Prof. Rodolfo Llinas (New York University School of Medicine, New York). He is also associated with editorial boards of various international journals of physics and interdisciplinary sciences. He has published more than 150 papers in peer-reviewed international journals and ten research monographs and edited multiple volumes. He has recently published a book, titled, ‘Decision Making and Modeling in Cognitive Science’ (2016). [Note: Also a SynTalkr on #TAOT (The Arrows Of Time)]
Note: Any & all errors in the brief profiles above are SynTalk’s own.
#TGOI mentions: Gautama Buddha, Nāgārjuna , Dharmakīrti, Śvetaketu, Abhinavagupta, Rene Descartes, Sigmund Freud, Carl Jung, Wolfgang Pauli, Richard E. Nisbett, Timothy Wilson, Russell T. Hurlburt, & Gareth Evans, among others.