#TIAR (The Interactions And Reactions, January 05, 2020):

How quiet is the sea? Do you want to mine manganese? What makes certain interactions reactions? Are there reactions happening in your room? How is heat different from light? What does new Law come from? Can oceans ‘retain’ certain information for centuries? When do we say that a bond has broken? Can radio frequencies ionize molecules? Is your water from Greenland? Might an equatorial event in1982 have impacted Japan in ~1992? Can physical pressure (alone) cause reactions? Does the deep seabed interact with the atmosphere? What does law say about ‘what’ the ocean is? Is carving up oceans very different from carving up the lithosphere? Do corals and crustaceans belong to countries? How much of the oceans is ‘deep sea’? What hinders highly site-specific reactions? Is the rate of energy dissipation usually much faster than rate of chemical reactions? Can sea storms be caused? Why are deep sea species likely to be highly tribal? Can we just drill to the centre of the earth? Are most drugs chiral? What lies ahead? Will we be able to make reactions optically pure? &, would/should we mine the deep seas in the future? SynTalk thinks about these & more questions using concepts from chemistry (Prof. Vaidhyanathan Ramamurthy, University of Miami, Coral Gables), international law (Dr. Surabhi Ranganathan, University of Cambridge, Cambridge), & oceanography (Dr. D. Shankar, NIO, Goa).

Listen in…

SynTalk is pleased and privileged to have hosted the following SynTalkrs (in alphabetical order) on its #TIAR show.

Prof. Vaidhyanathan Ramamurthy (chemistry) is Professor at the Department of Chemistry, University of Miami, Coral Gables, Florida, USA. His research interests are organic photochemistry, solid-state chemistry, supramolecular chemistry. He completed his B. Sc. (Chemistry) from University of Madras (1966), and a M. Sc. (Chemistry) from IIT Madras (1968). He then received his Ph. D. in Chemistry from the University of Hawaii, Honolulu (1974). As part of his post-doctoral research, he also worked at University of Western Ontario (London, 1974-75), & Columbia University (New York, 1975-78). Prof. Ramamurthy spent ten years at the Department of Organic Chemistry, IISc. Bangalore (1978-1988), and was also a Senior Research Scientist at Central Research and Development, Experimental Station, The du Pont Company (1987-1994). He was also the Bernard-Baus Professor of Chemistry at Tulane University (New Orleans, LA, 1994-2004). His research is currently focused on photochemical studies of organic molecules in water. In this context he has used a number of well defined water-soluble organic hosts as reaction media and has demonstrated the value of confined environments in controlling excited state behavior of organic molecules. His earlier research was around demonstrating the value of zeolites as photochemical media to carry out selective photochemistry including chiral chemistry. Prof. Ramamurthy has authored two text books, edited 20 monographs/special issues, & published over 400 research papers. He has received multiple awards, including, being an elected Fellow of the American Chemical Society (2011).

Dr. Surabhi Ranganathan (international law) is a University Senior Lecturer in International Law, a Deputy Director of the Lauterpacht Centre for International Law, and a Fellow and Director of Studies in Law at King’s College, University of Cambridge, UK. Her research interests are oceans, global commons, treaties, history and politics of international law. Dr. Ranganathan completed her B. A. LL.B. (Hons.) from National Law School of India University (NLSU), Bangalore(2005). She went to New York University School of Law (as a Vanderbilt Scholar) to complete an LL.M. (2006). She received her Ph.D. in Law from the University of Cambridge (UK, 2012), where she was also the Gates Scholar, an Overseas Research Scholar, and JC Hall Scholar at St. John’s College. Dr. Ranganathan is the author of ‘Strategically Created Treaty Conflicts and the Politics of International Law’ (Cambridge University Press, 2014), a study of international legal thought and practice, exploring treaty conflicts in nuclear governance, the law of the sea, and international criminal justice. Her research has been published in numerous journals, including, the British Yearbook of International Law, American Journal of International Law and European Journal of International Law. She also taught at the University of Warwick, served as the Law Clerk at the Supreme Court of India, and interned with UNHCR, UNICEF, & the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India. Dr. Ranganathan serves as the Notes Editor at the Cambridge Law Journal (since 2018), and as the Editor – International Legal Theory Section at the Leiden Journal of International Law (since 2016).

Dr. D. Shankar (oceanography) is Chief Scientist in the Department of Physical Oceanography (POD), CSIR (Council of Scientific and Industrial Research) – National Institute of Oceanography (NIO), Goa. He also worked at CSIR CMMACS (Centre for Mathematical Modelling & Computer Simulation, Bangalore) for four years before joining CSIR-NIO. His research interests are physical oceanography, large-scale ocean processes, circulation, air-sea interaction, tropical ocean dynamics, coupling oceanography and fisheries, and, hydrology. Dr. Shankar completed his B. Tech. in aerospace engineering from IIT Madras (Chennai, 1989), and an M. Sc in engineering from IISc. (Bangalore, 1991). He then received his Ph.D. from Goa University in marine sciences. Much of his research has been on the dynamics of the Indian Ocean, specifically the north Indian Ocean (NIO). He also leads a project that maintains a network of moorings equipped with instruments to measure the current and using this data and other observations, their team is able to quantify the variability of the currents that flow along the Indian coasts. One of the applications of this work has been an explanation for the sea-level variability observed off the Indian coast. Dr. Shankar has received multiple awards, including, MoES Ocean Sciences and Technology Award (2019), & Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Award (Earth Sciences Cateogry, 2011). He is also an elected fellow of Indian Academy of Sciences (Bangalore, 2011), & National Academy of Sciences (Allahabad, 2011). Dr. Shankar also held the position of the editor of Journal of Earth System Science (2012-2016).

Note: Any & all errors in the brief profiles above are SynTalk’s own.

#TIAR mentions: Charles Darwin, Jules Verne, Wallace ‘Wally’ Smith Broecker, & James Cameron, among others.