#TNAN (The Neighbours And Neighbourhoods, December 08, 2018):
Are we neighbours? Do ghost authors write probabilistically? Could one build a house between your and your neighbour’s house? Can we draw a graph of the universe with colours of all the points in it? Do languages have distances from each other? How do sounds create neighbours linguistically? When/how can process states or words or sentences be said to be neighbours? Can A be a neighbour of B, when B is not a neighbour of A? Why can’t there be adjacent ‘points’? Are neighbours geometry dependent? Does the idea of neighbours change if time and/or space is continuous? Are scripts a technology to transmit (natural) language? Is Latin evolving? What role do texts play in language transactions and for context? How is pursuit of chess different from the pursuit of science? Can chess games be said to progress like sentences? Are humans language-using-machines? Is thinking of ‘only’ adjacencies as neighbours limited in most contexts? Are meanings neighbours? Are both humans (also randomly) and machines always changing the idea of neighbours? &, how did Hamilton Bridge become Barber’s Bridge? SynTalk thinks about these & more questions using concepts from computational psycholinguistics (Dr. Emmanuel Keuleers, Tilburg University, Tilburg), discrete mathematics (Prof. Navin Singhi, ex-TIFR, Mumbai), & control theory (Prof. M. Vidyasagar, IIT Hyderabad, Hyderabad).
SynTalk is pleased and privileged to have hosted the following SynTalkrs (in alphabetical order) on its #TNAN show.
Dr. Emmanuel Keuleers (computational psycholinguistics) is currently an Assistant Professor in the Department of Cognitive Science and Artificial Intelligence at Tilburg University in the Netherlands, where he teaches text mining, psychology of language, and data driven design. He studied theoretical and experimental psychology (M.A. (2000)) at Ghent University and got his Ph.D. (2008) in Linguistics from the University of Antwerp on the subject of ‘Memory-Based Models Of Inflectional Morphology’. After the shift in psycholinguistic research caused by megastudies such as the English Lexicon Project (Balota et al, 2007) and the Dutch and British Lexicon projects (Keuleers et al, 2010, 2012) he, along with Marc Brysbaert and Paweł Mandera, pioneered the use of massive online experiments to gather visual word recognition data in several languages. His current interests include the relationship between artificial word embeddings and human representations of word experience and re-designing linguistic investigation from a transaction perspective. He is an author of over 40 scholarly publications in psychology, linguistics, and machine learning. Together with David Balota, he was the editor of a recent special issue of the Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology on ‘Megastudies, Crowdsourcing, and Large Datasets in Psycholinguistics’. He is a consulting editor for Behavior Research Methods, a member of the editorial board of the Mental Lexicon journal. In 2010, he received the Best Paper Award from the Psychonomic Society for the article introducing the now widely used ‘Wuggy’ multilingual pseudoword generator.
Prof. Navin M. Singhi (discrete mathematics) was until recently Distinguished Professor at IIT Bombay, Mumbai, & affiliated Research Professor, Department of Mathematics, Florida Atlantic University, USA. Prior to this, Prof. Singhi retired from TIFR (Mumbai) as a Senior Professor, after a research career span of about 40 years. His research interests are block designs, projective planes, intersection graphs of hypergraphs, and coding theory. Prof. Singhi completed his M.A. in Mathematics from the University of Mumbai, and then did his Ph.D. in Discrete Mathematics from University of Mumbai and TIFR (1973). He has published more than 85 research papers/articles in international journals in discrete mathematics, computer science and education and edited eight volumes/books. He has given invited lectures in more than 60 universities, national academies, international conferences, symposiums etc., in several countries, including USA, France, Belgium, Germany, Japan, Iran, UK, Netherlands, Canada, Finland, Hungary, & India. Prof. Singhi has been a member of editorial boards of several international research journals in mathematics and computer science, including, ‘European Journal of Combinatorics’, ‘Journal of Statistical Planning and Inference’, ‘Journal of Combinatorics, Information and System Sciences’, and ‘Codes, Designs and Cryptography’. He has received multiple awards & fellowships, including, the Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize (Mathematical Sciences, 1993), and J. C. Bose National fellowship (2008). Prof. Singhi is also an elected Fellow of the Indian National Science Academy (INSA), & the Indian Academy of Sciences (IAS).
Prof. M. Vidyasagar (control theory) is Distinguished Professor at IIT Hyderabad and was, until recently, also the Chaired Professor at the Erik Jonsson School of Engineering & Computer Science, University of Texas at Dallas, USA. He received the B.S. (1965), M.S. (1967) and Ph.D. (1969) degrees in Electrical Engineering from the University of Wisconsin in Madison (USA). His research interests are in the broad area of system and control theory, and its applications. At present he is interested in the area of compressed sensing, that is, finding sparse solutions to large under-determined problems, and the intersection between compressed sensing and control theory. On the applications front, he is interested in applying ideas from machine learning to problems in computational biology with emphasis on cancer. He has authored eleven books and published ~140 papers in peer-reviewed journals. Prof. Vidyasagar also built up CAIR (Centre for Artificial Intelligence and Robotics, Bangalore) into a leading research laboratory doing research in areas such as flight control, robotics, neural networks, and image processing. He also worked at Tata Consultancy Services (TCS) to create the Advanced Technology Center for research in areas such as computational biology, quantitative finance, e-security, identity management, and open source software to support Indian languages. Prof. Vidyasagar has received multiple awards including Fellowship in The Royal Society (2012), Jawaharlal Nehru Science Fellowship (2014), and the Rufus Oldenburger Medal of ASME (2012), and is also an Elected Fellow of IAS (1992), INAE (1992), INSA (1994), & TWAS (1997), among others.
Note: Any & all errors in the brief profiles above are SynTalk’s own.
#TNAN mentions: Andrey Markov, G. H. Hardy, Ludwig Wittgenstein, & Graham Greene, among others.